Besides the Professional Qualifications Assessment Act, Directive 2013/55/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council that amended Directive 2005/36/EC also applies to EU and EEA citizens, however, it only regards regulated professions. A number of factors determine which recognition process applies:
Does the person want to take up permanent residence in a different member country – for example, in order to set up a private business or work as an employee?
In this case, three different recognition processes can apply. Which option applies depends on the particular profession:
- Certain qualifications are “automatically recognised” if the minimum requirements for vocational training are uniform throughout Europe. These include the following professions:
- Pharmacists and
The corresponding qualifications for these professions are recognised by the host country without the need for further review. The applicant might, however, need to demonstrate language proficiency.
- Specific regulations and a simplified recognition process apply for regulated trade and crafts professions. Further information about the recognition of craftsmen’s qualifications in accordance with the EU Recognition Directive is available here [in German].
- All other professions are assessed by way of the “general process”. This involves assessing the applicant’s specific qualifications.
If an EU/EEA citizen has a qualification in a non-regulated profession, they can apply to an assessment authority to have it evaluated according to the Professional Qualifications Assessment Act. Further information on the equivalence assessment process is available here.
If a person only wants to stay temporarily in another member state for service or work delivery (Erbingung einer Dienst- oder Werkleistung):
In this case EU citizens can refer to their right of freedom to provide services which will be effective without any restrictions for the entire European Union from January 2014 on. However, when it comes to providing services, trade regulations of the respective country have to be followed.
More information can be found in the Handbook - Rules on the supply of services or work under the freedom to provide services and the freedom of establishment.