If you decide to recruit qualified international staff, you have to consider certain legal issues. These vary depending on the country of origin and profession foreign professionals intend to perform in Germany.
Here you will find the information on the conditions that apply to different immigrants groups:
The Federal Employment Agency has compiled a useful information package for companies.
- As a rule, every EU citizen may take up employment in Germany.
- Citizens of other countries will normally require a residence permit in order to take up employment.
Please refer to the website of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS) [in German] for further information on employing international staff in Germany.
For non-EU citizens, the German government has revised the Employment Act that came into effect in July 2013. The amended version is aimed at facilitating immigration for qualified professionals. In this context, the recognition of professional qualifications obtained abroad is crucial, as it is required for immigration. Please refer to the website of the Federal Government for additional information on the amended Employment Act.
The White List is a list of occupations in which people with vocational training qualifications from non-EU countries can access the German labor market. The formal recognition of foreign professional qualifications in such occupations can lead to the issuance of a residence permit.
For skilled workers to be able to access the German labor market, both the following factors must apply:
- the vocational qualifications they have obtained abroad must be equivalent to a German qualification,
- there must be a shortage of skilled workers in the occupation for which they are qualified.
The Federal Employment Agency ascertains which occupations are experiencing a skills shortage and updates the White List in line with developments on the labor market. It approves recruitment from abroad in these occupations if the terms and conditions of the jobs offered are not less favorable than those for comparable domestic workers.